Culture of Rajasthan
Rajasthan- the land of royalty is a glittering
jewel set in the golden sands of a barren deserts landscape. The
light that reflects off the golden sands engulfs a land renowned for
its vibrant colors, people in bright clothes and beautiful jewellery,
living in cities dotted and dominated by towering forts and palace
that rise from the sands like mirage.
The brightness of its life, the legends of its
heroism and romance are all captured in the vibrant and evocative
music of this desert land.The richness and diversity of Rajasthani
music comes from its old and undisturbed tradition.Music which is
rich evocative heroic plaintive and joyful governs all aspects of
Rajasthani lives. The voices both male and female are strong and
powerful. The numerous songs sang by the women reflect the various
feminine moods and strong family ties that govern their lives.
Splendid moonsoon of Rajasthan call for special songs without which
no celebration is complete.
Men and women of Rajasthan sing devotional as
well as festive songs. Songs by the saint-poets like Kabir, Meera
and Malookdas are part of the folk repertoire. They are sung all
night during the raatjagas (all night soirees spent singing
devotional songs) which are held as thanks giving to a particular
deity. The resonant singing of the Rajasthani folk is accompanied by
music from simple instruments like the Baara and Algoza, that usally
give a beat or a drone to offset the poetry.
Fairs and festivals bring an even greater riot of colour and music
into lives of these desert people .Holi the festival of
colours,brings forth the joyous,lively rhythms of the change and
dhamal songs Marriage ,childbirth ,the visit of the son-in-law, all
call for song and music. Even children have their own special songs
called the saanjhi and the Ghulda. Favorites that are sung at all
times are the Panihari, Eendoni, the famous Kurjan Digipuri-ka-raja
and the Rasiya songs of the Braj region.
The hard life of the desert dwellers made them seek means of making
life more pleasant by developing their artistic talents. There are
many traditional communities who are professional performers and
their skills are handed down from generation to generation. The Bhat
and Charans are bards, who could inspire the Rajput warriors with
accounts of heroic deeds by whipping up patriotic flavor or even
ridiculing the royal families with their satire.
The wandering balladeers, like the Bhopas who
sing about the Marwar folk hero-Pabuji, travel from village with
their phad painting and rawan hattha entertaining people with their
ballad. There are many singing communities in Rajasthan known as the
Dholis.. Also known by other names like Mirasis, Dhadhis, L angas,
Manganiyars, Kalbelias, Jogis, Sargaras, Kamads, Nayaks or Thotis
and the Bawaris.
Today their music can be heard all over the state and is popular
even on the national & international circuits. The best flavor of
this rich artistic talent can be savored during various fairs &
festivals of the state, especially during the Desert Festivals
(Jan-Feb), the Pushkar Fair (Oct-Nov), the Marwar Festival
(Sept-Oct) and the Camel Festival (Jan-Feb).
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