Rajasthan Gems and Jewelry
Rajasthan is famous for its jewellery industry and
it is one of the world's largest centres for hand-cutting of gems.
It is India's important source for precious and semi precious stones
like; Ruby, Emerald, Garnets, Agate, Amethyst, Topaz, Lapis lazuli,
Rajasthan is also known for the art of silver
smithy, beginning from anklets to earrings to head gears. A lot of
effort goes into its making since most of the rural communities wear
silver ornaments. Besides silver, it is known for its Lac bangles,
Kundan and Minakari, enameled gold jewellery, uncut diamonds and
emerald-cutting. Another most exclusive art is 'thewa' from Chittaur
popular for its gold work on glass. Some of the traditional
adornments are Rakhdi (head ornament), Tussi (necklace), Baju Bandh
(armlet), Adah (special necklace worn by Rajputs), Gokhrus
(bracelets), Pajebs (anklets), etc.
Feminine Jewelery : Feminine jewellery is
more complex than masculine jewellery. Jewellery in India is worn as
a complete ensemble and not as an accessory. It is thus quite
acceptable to wear more than one necklace around the neck, also in
the ears, on the toes and fingers, ornaments on the forehead, in the
hair, and so on, any number to be worn at the same time.
Masculine Jewelery : Vanity, a love of
opulence and deep aesthetic sense gave the Rajas and Ranas of
Rajasthan a great fondness for jewellery. The men were as
elaborately and dazzling dressed as the women, with jewelry that
often rivaled that of their wives. It was a status symbol and a
portable display of wealth, and consequently, power Turban jewellery
was the prerogative of king, his close family or the members of his
entourage (including his horse).
Silver Jewellery : Wearing jewellery in the villages symbolizes
social and economic status. One can find men and women are bedecked
with elaborate silver jewellery as bracelets, rings, pedants, nose
pins etc from toe to head. Even today some of the most traditional
designs are found in silver jewellery.
Precious And Semi PreciousStones :
Rajasthan has rich deposits of precious and semi-precious stones
such as emerald, garnet, agate, amethyst, topaz and lapiz lazuli.
Each gem is believed to have inherent powers and are used as lucky
charms along with their beauty as jewellery pieces.
Kundan Jewellery : A speciality of
Rajasthan, is work of Kundan, the jewellery in which kundan is
applied, mostly made from a core of lac, a natural resin. Kundan
jwellery is a combination of gems and meenakari on either side of an
ornament with vibrant colors.
Pratapgarh Jewellery : Pratapgarh has developed its own way
of enamel work which has given rise to new style of jewellery. Here
the enamel work is done with gold or silver using colored glass
pieces as the base.
Lac Jewellery : Jaipur,Jodhpur and Udaipur
are very famous all over for Lacquered work. Lac bangles, toys and
different articeles are shoppers delight. Udaipur produces diffrent
objects such as tables, lamps and decorative articles in various
shapes, sizes and colors.
Meenakari Jewellery : Meenakari is famed
for its delicacy and its use of colors. Enamel work is done on both
silver and gold ornaments and has flourished under the patronage of
kings, queens, seths and princes.
Gold Jewellery : The most demanded metal
in Indian jewellery also forms an important part of jewellery in
Rajasthan. Starting from 24 ct. to 18 ct., gold jewellery is
availbale in all forms. Along with pure gold, one finds it studded
with various precious and semi precious stones.
Textile Ornamentation : Besides all this
jewelry, the saris and the lehengas (long skirts) of the ladies may
be richly and heavily embroidered with gold and silver threads. A
single grain of gold could be drawn to a length of 500 feet.
Other Materials : Ivory was often used to
make jewellery, especially bangles, which are considered an
essential part of bridal jewelry. The bangles are often overlaid
with gold. They are often dyed in various colours, though the most
popular one is red. The production of ivory bangles has now been
stopped due to the ban on use of ivory and has been replaced by
plastic or bone. Lac jewelry, usually bangles, are often worn in
Rajasthan on all auspicious on all auspicious occasions as a sign of
Jewelery Centres : Jaipur market holds
the monopoly in the jewellery houses all over India and in the
global arena too. This colorful market is popular as the name of
Johari Bazaar which ranks among the most exclusive jewellery markets
in the world. The variety of ranges is beyond compare and not only
does it cater for the elites or the high socialites but a vast
collection of semi-precious and silver creations are at display in
reasonable prices too. An exclusive Rajasthani traditional work of
art is of setting precious stones (diamond chips, precious gems) in
solid 22-carat gold, the design and workmanship is beyond compare.
It is famous of Jaipur and Jodhpur. Rajasthan is a land where
tradition has been imbibed into ecery aspect of life.
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