Jodhpur, once the capital of the former princely state of Marwar, is
now the second largest city of Rajasthan. Flanked on its western side
by the Mehrangarh Fort, and on the eastern side
by the stately sandstone Palace of Umaid Bhawan; the monuments temples
and gardens of Jodhpur depict a multi-faceted grandeur.
Founded in 1459 AD by the Suryavanshi Rao Jodha, Jodhpur gradually
grew around the towering Mehrangarh Fort, built as a stronghold on the
advice of a sage. Alongwith Bikaner and Jaisalmer, Jodhpur too is
situated on the ancient silk route that linked Central Asia and
Northern India with the seaports of Gujarat. As a result it became a
major trading centre in the 16th century. Reminiscent of the bygone
years is the fact that Jodhpur is still the leading centre for cattle,
camels, wood, salt and agricultural crops. The beauty and imagination
that has gone into the making of this monumental city proclaim the
life-springs of creative genius that appear incongurent with the
harshness of this land and its climate.
Mehrangarh Fort- In the turbulent political times of 1459 AD. Rao
Jodha was adviced by a saint to establish an impregnable head-quarter
and so, the Mehrangarh Fort was built on a steep hill. This formidable
hill top fort is among the best in India with exquisitively latticed
windows in residential apartments within. Carved panels and porches,
elaborately adorned windows and walls of Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal,
Sheesh Mahal, Sileh Khana, seem to make the medieval splendour come
alive. A collection of musical instruments, palanquins, royal
costumes, furniture and the cannons on the fort's ramparts are
- Air : Indian
Airlines connect Jodhpur with Jaipur, Delhi, Udaipur and Bombay.
- Rail: Jodhpur
is connected by rail with Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jaipur, Delhi,
Ahmedabad, Abu Road, Bombay via Ahmedabad Barmer and Udaipur via
- Road: By road
Jodhpur to Agra 577 kms, Ajmer 198 kms, Barmer 220 kms, Bikaner 240
kms, Bombay 1073 kms, Delhi 592 kms, Jaipur 343 kms, Jaisalmer 290
kms, Mount Abu 264 kms, Udaipur 275 kms, Ranakpur 175 kms.
- Bus : Regular
bus services available from Jodhpur to Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Jaipur,
Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Ranakpur and Nathdwara.
What to see
Mehrangarh: One of the most stunning hill forts of Rajasthan,
Mehrangarh appears to rise from the bluff-coloured sandstone hill
itself, so well built into the base that it is difficult to tell where
the hill ends and the walls begin.
Umaid Bhawan Palace: Umaid Bhawan Palace can qualify for
several firsts: the largest private residence in the world, the finest
extant example of art-deco, the only palace to have painting from the
Ramayana painted by a Polish artist, the first to use
air-conditioning, electricity and elevators, and the most impressive
for its size and dimensions.
Jaswant Thada: A cluster of royal cenotaphs in white marble
built in 1899 A.D. in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Within the
main cenotaph are the portraits of various Jodhpur rulers.
Government Museum: Located in the Umaid gardens on High Court
Road, it has a large and fairly interesting collection.
Mehrangarh Fort Museum: This is an excellent museum with rare
and interesting artifacts, textiles, paintings, transport items etc.
laid out with utmost care and thought. The Palanquin Gallery and
Howdah Gallery display a superb collection of old and costly specimens
of great historical value.
Umaid Bhawan Palace Museum: Recently the ruling family of
Jodhpur has converted a part of the gigantic Umaid Bhawan Palace as a
Government Museum, Mandore: About 8 kms form Jodhpur; Mandore was the
capital of Marwar. This enchanting place having beautifully
carved cenotaphs, halls of heroes, palaces and old fort, is of immense
Balsamand Lake and Garden (5 km), Mandore (8 Km), Sadar Samand Lake
Guda Bishnoi (25 Km), Mahamandir Temple (9 km), Kailana Lake (11 Km),
Jhalamand Garh (10 Km), Luni Fort (35 Km)
Altitude: 238.0 mtrs.
Best Season: Oct - Feb
Mean Max. 40.0 'C
Mean Min. 30.0 'C
Winter Mean Max. 25.0 'C
Mean Min. 11.0 'C
Clothing: Summer light tropical or cotton Winter Woolen.
from Jodhpur :
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