Park and Sanctuary in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a haven for a wide spectrum of
wildlife. The topography of Rajasthan ranges from the barren desert,
scrub-thorn arid forests, rocks and ravines to wetlands and lush,
green forests. And each of these areas houses a large variety of
animal and bird life. Some of them rare while some endangered.
Rajasthan is the home of the tigers, black bucks, chinkara, the rare
desert fox, the endangered caracal, the great Indian bustard,
gavial, monitor lizard, wild boars, porcupine. Migratory birds like
the common crane, ducks, coots, pelicans and the rare Siberian
cranes, imperial sand grouse, falcons, buzzards flocks to this state
during the winter months. Typical areas representing each of the
ecosystems have been earmarked as special areas wildlife. Rajasthan
boasts of two National Parks, over a dozen Sanctuaries and two
Closed Areas. Most of these areas are open to visitors round the
year but are closed briefly during the monsoon.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary : The beauty of
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is extremely captivating and the brilliant
sight of rare birds amidst such paramount greenery, makes this place
seem unnatural. This is one of those lucky sanctuaries that has
pretty much everything to offer; culture, history, excellent
wildlife & of course an amazing array of exotic birds. Two-thirds of
the Park lies under water and the remaining one-third is covered in
dry deciduous forests and extensive grasslands.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur :
Declared a National Park in 1983, this 29 sq km park is one of the
world's greatest heronries. Its shallow, fresh water marsh attracts
thousands of migratory birds. Over 10,000 nests of egrets, darters,
cormorants, grey herons and storks hatch nearly 20,000 to 30,000
chicks every year. There is an infinite variety of migratory birds.
Mammals like the sambhar, blackbuck, chital, nilgai, fishing cat,
otter and mongoose also roam freely here.
Best time to visit is August to February.
Ranthambhor National Park : This is the
state's point of the Aravallis, the Guru Shikhar, lies in this 289
sq km sanctuary. Established in 1960, this provides shelter to the
common languar, wild boar, sambhar and leopard. The grey jungle fowl
can also be spotted here. Besides, a number of flowering trees
enhance the beauty of this place.
Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary - Alwar : The
other tigerland in Rajasthan which was brought under Project Tiger
in 1979. Other than leopard, sambhar, nilgaai, wild dog and chinkara,
the ruins of 9th and 10th century temples exist here.
Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary : The majestic fort
of Kumbhalgarh overlooks the 578 sq. km. sanctuary. The Aravallis
hills, which remain barren for most of the year, turn green during
rains and provide shelter to sloth bear, leopard, flying squirrel.
It is also the only sanctuary where the Indian wolf is breeding
Mount Abu Sanctuary : The highest point of
the Aravallis, the Guru Shikhar, lies in this 289 sq km sanctuary.
Established in 1960, this provides shelter to the common langaur,
wild boar, sambhar and leopard. The grey jungle fowl can also be
spotted here. Besides, a number of flowering trees enhance the
beauty of this pace.
Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary : A fairly new
sanctuary, it was established in 1983 and covers a total area of 229
sq. km. of scrub and dry deciduous forest. Leopards, chinkaara,
sloth bear can be spotted here if one is lucky.
Darrah Sanctuary : Previously the hunting
ground of the Kota maharajas, this sanctuary was established in 1995
and covers an area of 266 sq. km. This hilly sanctuary with its
thick forests is worth a visit. The animals here include wolf, sloth
bear, chinkara and leopard.
Desert National Sanctuary : Established in
1980, it is a colossal park sprawling on 3162 sq. km. It has shrubs
and trees in addition to rolling sand dunes. The wildlife wealth
here comprises fox, desert cat, hare, spiney tail uromastix and sand
fish. Thousands of sparrows, imperial sand grouse, bustards, falcons
and eagles migrate here during the winters.
Jaisamand Sanctuary : Established in 1957,
this sanctuary is located beside the man-made lake of the same name.
Covering a total area of 160 sq. km., it harbours sloth bear,
leopard, chital, chinkara, wild boar and a number of birds. Some
crocodiles and fish also be spotted here.
Other sanctuaries in Rajasthan include Sitamata,
Darrah, Chambal, Tal Chapper, Jamwa Ramgarh, Kaila Devi, Van-Vihar,
Ramgarh, Shergarh, Todgarh-Rad and Jawahar Sagar.
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